A possible configuration of the centres of nuclear science and technology
A CNST based library is an entity dedicated to collecting, organizing and storing the documents and publications reflecting creation and development of the nuclear industry, as well as to providing information on nuclear science and technology to the centre employees and visitors.
A CNST museum is a multipurpose information system containing materials on the history of nuclear industry, on nuclear science and technology research, on nuclear industry achievements. A variety of objects can be provided for the exhibition space in order to fulfil informative and educational purposes.
The Centre service personnel should have the facility for education, training, and to pass the mandatory certification of their skills. Lecture halls in the centre provide for educational programmes, including workshops, lectures, theoretical and practical training, as well as conventions and meetings at different levels. The halls can be equipped with a variety of educational and digital equipment, display stands, plant models, as well as multimedia equipment (audio and video), as per the educational goals set.
Nuclear Medicine Centre
This is intended to diagnose cardiac, oncological and neurological diseases using a variety of equipment included in the centre, as well as to perform disease therapy and treatment.
|Cyclotron||Diagnostic facilities||Medical plants|
|Ultra-short-lived and short-lived radionuclides production and distribution for nuclear medicine (SPECT & PET diagnostics)|
Cyclotron СС- 18/9МSuitable for regional medical PET-Centres; designed to effectively produce both ultra short-lived and short-lived radionuclides.
PETPET diagnostics department
Interstitial and endocavitary radiation therapy departmentEquipped with «Agat–VT» brachytherapy system
Cyclotron СС-12Suitable to be used in urban and regional medical Centres because of its economic efficiency; designed to produce ultra short-lived radionuclides for PET radiopharmaceuticals.
SPECTSPECT diagnostics department
Radionuclide therapy departmentUse of radiopharmaceuticals: iodine-131, samarium-153 and strontium-89.
Cyclotron СС-30/15Suitable to be used in major radiological Centres that conduct additional research projects on top of routine radionuclide production. This cyclotron allows carrying out research on new promising radiopharmaceuticals.
CCRDComplex radionuclide diagnostics solution, including cyclotron and radiochemistry facility, PET/CT, SPECT and SPECT/CT
Multipurpose Irradiation Centre
A multipurpose irradiation centre is a complex of the systems and equipment necessary to process food and materials with ionising radiation in order to increase their safety and quality. The centre includes an industrial/commercial plant that utilizes Co-60 as the radionuclide ionising radiation source.
Main application fields:
- Sterilization of medical products and pharmaceuticals
- Food sanitization (food decontamination; cereals desinsection)
- Material modification
- Used in more than 50 countries
- Environmentally safe
- Highly productive and efficient
- Improves international trade, as it ensures compliance with the strict quality requirements of importing countries
1 – cargo management area
- Automated subject loading to the conveyor
- Transporting subjects to the irradiation zone
- Automated subject unloading
2 – irradiation chamber
- Irradiating food or materials with the gamma-ray plant or the electron accelerator
3 – water shaft
- Radioisotope source storage
4 – ventilation chamber
5 – dispatch and storage area
- Dispatching products to the warehouse for short or long-term storage, as per the contract
- Loading products to vehicles directly from the warehouse
This is intended to perform theoretical and practical research, using neutrons and gamma quants as a research tool or subject. The research reactor is installed in a reactor building that serves as a protective vessel for the research reactor and also as a research facility. In addition to the research reactor, the reactor building houses research and experiment equipment, utility systems, the radiation control system and the reactor control and protection system (option: a control system and a safe operation system).
Technical solution: research reactors capacity range
|Key features of research reactors||up to 1 MW
TRAINING RESEARCH REACTOR
BASIC MULTIPURPOSE RESEARCH REACTOR
ADVANCED MULTIPURPOSE RESEARCH REACTOR
|Fuel assembly type||VVR-M2||IRT-4M||VVR-KN||IRT-4M||VVR-KN|
|Fuel enrichment, U235, %||19,7|
|Maximum thermal neutron flux, х1014 1/cm2s:|
|in the core||0,45||3,2||3,3||> 4,1||> 4,6|
|in Be reflector||0,22||2||2||> 1,4||> 1,2|
|Reactor service life, years||50|
Nuclear Research Laboratories are designed for all types of research carried out by the Nuclear Science and Technology Center and serve as a training base for students and specialists engaged in the field.
The Centre for Nuclear Research and Technology Essential Lab List
|Laboratories||Experiments/Testing||1 MW||10 MW||20 MW|
|Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) Lab||Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA)||+||+||+|
|Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA)||+||+||+|
|Radioisotope Lab||Isotope Production||+||+||+|
|Radiobiology Lab||Radiobiology experiments||+||+||+|
|Irradiation Labs||Silicon Doping||-||+||+|
|Neutron beam Labs||Neutron Diffraction Analyses||-||+||+|
|Radiography / Neutron Tomography||-||+||+|
|Material testing||Structural materials||-||+||+|
|Education / training||Education / training||+||+||+|
The primary purpose of the civil infrastructure is to fit business, administrative and commercial offices, shopping outlets, food joints and consumer service facilities in order to establish a comfortable work environment in the centre.
Sports facilities in the CNST usually include a football (soccer) field, running tracks, spectator terraces, auxiliary pads and structures. During the CNST construction, the territory intended for sports facilities can be used to house temporary construction facilities. During the centre operation, these facilities can be used to play sports, as well as to host events, in order to increase the work environment satisfaction among the CNST employees.
These are a structure complex intended to house researchers and employees in the centre, also to temporarily house the centre seconded employees and specialists.