Integrated offer: The Centers for Nuclear Science and Technology (CNST)

Why nuclear research?

Host innovation-based research, improve general scientific expertise, develop a new technological platform, and create training centers for students and future nuclear scientists

Address development challenges in health care, agriculture and industry

Foster national, regional and international technology and innovation exchange

Improve national economy using the new technological platform

Develop skills and expertise in nuclear energy and nuclear technologies

Enhance regional and international image of the country


Library of materials

CNST Brochure
pdf, 2.41 Mb
CNST Leaflet
pdf, 662.77 Kb
All materials

The Centers for Nuclear Science and Technology : what are the economic and social impacts?

Education and training, science programmes support:

  • Developing nuclear expertise
  • Improving higher education (engineering faculties, natural sciences faculties)
  • Nuclear power plant operators training
  • Fundamental research and studies
  • Applied research
  • Improving human resources in regions
  • Study tours to nuclear facilities

High-tech industry development:

  • Production of isotopes for medicine, industry and agriculture
  • Silicon Doping
  • Neutron Radiography/Tomography
  • Neutron Activation Analysis
  • Material Structure Studies
  • Material Testing

Economic advantages:

  • Setting up new technological industry platform
  • National industry development
  • Improving regional investment climate
  • Agricultural export growth
  • New jobs
  • Increasing life expectancy or the share of economically active population, and improving quality of life

National medicine development:

  • Isotope production for medical purposes
  • Sterilization of medical equipment and tools
  • Nuclear medicine development


1 2 3

> 20 research reactors abroad

were built in cooperation with Russia and by Russian design. The majority of those reactors are in operation

> 50 research facilities

are in operation in Russia

> 120 nuclear research plants,

including critical and subcritical benches, were built in cooperation with Rosatom

Rosatom has the in-house material and technological resources necessary to develop research and study labs and supply them with scientific specimens

The Rosatom enterprises and R&D institutions have 20,000 employees to provide the State Corporation with a powerful research base and to support its cooperation with partner countries

At the disposal of Rosatom are extensive possibilities to organize shadow training at research reactors and centres of nuclear research and technology


A possible configuration of the centers for nuclear science and technology



A CNST based library is an entity dedicated to collecting, organizing and storing the documents and publications reflecting creation and development of the nuclear industry, as well as to providing information on nuclear science and technology to the centre employees and visitors.


A CNST museum is a multipurpose information system containing materials on the history of nuclear industry, on nuclear science and technology research, on nuclear industry achievements. A variety of objects can be provided for the exhibition space in order to fulfil informative and educational purposes.

Lecture Halls

The Centre service personnel should have the facility for education, training, and to pass the mandatory certification of their skills. Lecture halls in the centre provide for educational programmes, including workshops, lectures, theoretical and practical training, as well as conventions and meetings at different levels. The halls can be equipped with a variety of educational and digital equipment, display stands, plant models, as well as multimedia equipment (audio and video), as per the educational goals set.

Nuclear Medicine Centre

This is intended to diagnose cardiac, oncological and neurological diseases using a variety of equipment included in the centre, as well as to perform disease therapy and treatment.

Cyclotron Diagnostic facilities Medical plants
Ultra-short-lived and short-lived radionuclides production and distribution for nuclear medicine (SPECT & PET diagnostics)

Cyclotron СС- 18/9М

Suitable for regional medical PET-Centres; designed to effectively produce both ultra short-lived and short-lived radionuclides.


PET diagnostics department

Interstitial and endocavitary radiation therapy department

Equipped with «Agat–VT» brachytherapy system

Cyclotron СС-12

Suitable to be used in urban and regional medical Centres because of its economic efficiency; designed to produce ultra short-lived radionuclides for PET radiopharmaceuticals.


SPECT diagnostics department

Radionuclide therapy department

Use of radiopharmaceuticals: iodine-131, samarium-153 and strontium-89.

Cyclotron СС-30/15

Suitable to be used in major radiological Centres that conduct additional research projects on top of routine radionuclide production. This cyclotron allows carrying out research on new promising radiopharmaceuticals.


Complex radionuclide diagnostics solution, including cyclotron and radiochemistry facility, PET/CT, SPECT and SPECT/CT

Electron accelerator
Proton beam therapy devices

Multipurpose Irradiation Centre

Multipurpose Irradiation Centre is a complex of systems and equipment necessary to perform radiation processing of food and materials to enhance their safety and quality. The Centre includes an industrial/commercial plant that utilizes a Co-60-based radiation source or an electron accelerator as the radionuclide ionizing radiation source.

Radiation Treatment:

  • Used in more than 50 countries
  • Environmentally safe
  • Highly productive and efficient
  • Significantly prolongs the date of expiry
  • Improves international trade, as it ensures compliance with the strict quality requirements of importing countries

1 – cargo management area

  • Automated subject loading to the conveyor
  • Transporting subjects to the irradiation zone
  • Automated subject unloading

2 – irradiation chamber

  • Irradiating food or materials with the gamma-ray plant or the electron accelerator

3 – water shaft

  • Radioisotope source storage

4 – ventilation chamber

5 – dispatch and storage area

  • Dispatching products to the warehouse for short or long-term storage, as per the contract
  • Loading products to vehicles directly from the warehouse

Research Reactor

This is intended to perform theoretical and practical research, using neutrons and gamma quants as a research tool or subject. The research reactor is installed in a reactor building that serves as a protective vessel for the research reactor and also as a research facility. In addition to the research reactor, the reactor building houses research and experiment equipment, utility systems, the radiation control system and the reactor control and protection system (option: a control system and a safe operation system).

Technical solution: research reactors capacity range

Key features of research reactors up to 1 MW
10 МW
20 MW
Fuel assembly type VVR-M2 IRT-4M VVR-KN IRT-4M VVR-KN
Fuel enrichment, U235, % 19,7
Maximum thermal neutron flux, х1014 1/cm2s:
in the core* 0,45 3,2 3,3 > 4,1 > 4,6
in Be reflector* 0,22 2 2 > 1,4 > 1,2
Reactor service life, years 50
Coolant Demineralized water
Reflector Beryllium

*common values


Nuclear Research Laboratories are designed for all types of research carried out by the Nuclear Science and Technology Center and serve as a training base for students and specialists engaged in the field.

The Centre for Nuclear Research and Technology Essential Lab List

Laboratories Activities/Research to be performed 1 MW 10 MW 20 MW
Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) Lab Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) + + +
Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA) + + +
Geochronology + + +
Radioisotope Lab Isotope Production + (low special activity) + +
Radiopharmaceutical production + + +
Radiobiology Lab Radiobiology experiments + + +
Irradiation Labs Silicon Doping - + +
Gamma Irradiation + + +
Gemstone Colouring + + +
Neutron beam Labs Neutron Diffraction Analyses - + +
Radiography / Neutron Tomography - + +
Material testing Structural materials - + +
Absorbing materials - - +
Fuel - - +
Education / training Education / training + + +

Civil Infrastructure

The primary purpose of the civil infrastructure is to fit business, administrative and commercial offices, shopping outlets, food joints and consumer service facilities in order to establish a comfortable work environment in the centre.

Sports Facilities

The CNRT Sports facilities usually include a football (soccer) field, tennis courts, running tracks, spectator terraces, and auxiliary pads and structures. Once the Сentre is put into operation, the sports facilities can be used both to do sports and to host events aimed at increasing the CNRT employees’ satisfaction.

Residential Buildings

These are buildings designed and constructed to provide temporary accommodation to researchers, employees and specialists in the close vicinity of the Centre.

Integrated Offer: CNST

The Rosatom State Corporation Integrated Offer on the Centers for Nuclear Science and Technology (CNST) is a set of product solutions and services provided by the Russian nuclear industry entities, that ensures comprehensive support for the customer country’s national nuclear programme at every stage and provides the customer with the whole range of products and services from a single supplier throughout the CNST project lifecycle.

1/ Integration of the nuclear into the national energy strategy
2/ Nuclear infrastructure development
3/ Nuclear facility
4/ Nuclear programme further development

Nuclear Infrastructure

Nuclear infrastructure creation/development in the customer country, as per the IAEA requirements, sufficiently to start the CNST operation.

Public Relations

A service complex designed to enhance public acceptance of nuclear technology and to inform the general population on the nuclear technology and on the applications of nuclear energy in the customer country.

Personnel Training

Personnel training to provide for the customer country national nuclear programme development.

Nuclear Facility:

CNST design, CNST construction equipment supply, construction and installation, CNST commissioning, CNST service personnel training, the first research reactor fuel load and the first multipurpose gamma irradiation generator source load.

Fuel Solution

Research reactor fuel supply throughout the reactor lifecycle.

Source Supply

Source supply for the multipurpose gamma irradiation generator throughout the generator lifecycle.

Operation & Maintenance

CNST operation support, maintenance and repairing, equipment and replacements supply.

SNF and RW Management, Decommissioning

Spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management, CNST decommissioning.

  • Basic services
  • Optional services

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