Over the next 50 years mankind will consume more energy than it has been consumed in the entire preceding history. Early predictions about the growth of energy consumption and development of new power technologies have not come true: the level of consumption is growing much faster, while new sources of energy will become widely accessible at affordable prices no later than 2030. Lack of fossil fuels is becoming more relevant than ever. The opportunities of constructing new hydroelectric power stations is also quite limited.
We should not forget about activities aimed at combating greenhouse gases which impose restrictions on the burning of oil, gas and coal at thermal power plants. The active development of nuclear power – one of the youngest and fastest growing sectors of the global economy – may be the solution. More and more countries now come to understand the need to start developing peaceful nuclear energy.
Upon full burn-up, 1 kg of uranium (which is used in nuclear fuel) releases energy equivalent to that obtained as a result of burning of 100 tons of high quality coal.
Uranium-235 is not completely burned out in the nuclear fuel and can be reused following regeneration. In the future, complete transition to closed fuel cycle is possible (meaning that no waste will be generated).
Every year NPP in Europe allow to avoid the emission of 700 million tons of CO2. Active Russian nuclear power plants annually prevent the emission of 210 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
1 job in nuclear power plant construction creates 10 jobs in related sectors. The development of nuclear energy contributes to the growth of research and national intellectual potential.
For many decades nuclear power has proved its efficiency and has become an integral part of the global energy balance.
The world now has 450 operating power units. Most of the power units are operated in the U.S. (100), France (58), Japan (43), Russia (36) and China (36).
The total nuclear power plant generation capacity is over 392 GW. According to forecasts, by 2030 the global nuclear power capacity will increase by 88 % (in a high-case scenario).
Active nuclear reactors contribute to global energy supply, promote economic growth and allow to avoid the emission of 700 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).
If you want to know more about today’s development of nuclear energy in different countries, follow this link: https://www.iaea.org/PRIS/WorldStatistics/OperationalReactorsByCountry.aspx
Safety is the main argument in favor of choosing a Russian nuclear power plant with a VVER reactor. The recent VVER reactor designs incorporate the most modern approaches to safety that are based on the defense-in-depth principle. These include several safety levels with an optimal combination of multi-channel passive and active systems.
Russian nuclear power plants with pressurized water reactors (VVER) are equipped with several independent safety trains guaranteed to perform their functions in all modes.read more
Three mutual conversions of energy forms occur at nuclear power plants: nuclear energy is converted into thermal energy, thermal energy is converted into mechanical energy, and mechanical energy is converted into electric energy.
These conversions occurs as follows: The heart of a nuclear power plant is the reactor, a structurally allocated area to which nuclear fuel is loaded and where the controlled chain reaction occurs.
Uranium-235 is fissioned by slow (thermal) neutrons, as a result of which a tremendous amount of heat is released.
This heat is removed from the reactor core by means of the coolant, which is a liquid or gaseous medium passing through the core. In most cases water is used as the coolant; however, in fast neutron reactors molten metals are used instead (e.g., molten sodium in BN-600 reactors).
This is how the most difficult conversion (nuclear into thermal energy) is carried out.
by the number of simultaneously constructed nuclear facilities abroad (29 units in the order portfolio)